Plant peroxidases are capable of binding phenolic substrates, and it has been possible to crystallize complexes between horseradish peroxidase C (HRP C) and benzhydroxamic acid. The X-ray structures of the binary HRP C: ferulic acid complex and the ternary HRP C: CN− :ferulic acid complex to 2.0 and 1.45 Å resolution, respectively, have also been solved recently. Ferulic acid is a naturally occurring phenolic compound found in the plant cell wall and it is an in vivo substrate for plant peroxidases. The X-ray structures demonstrate the flexibility of the aromatic-donor-binding site in plant peroxidases and highlight the role of the distal arginine in substrate oxidation and ligand binding. A general mechanism of peroxidase substrate oxidation (compound I → compound II and compound II → resting state) can be proposed on the basis of the complexes and a large body of biochemical evidence.
- X-ray crystallography
- BHA, benzhydroxamic acid
- HRP C, horseradish peroxidase C
- FA, ferulic acid
- CCP, cytochrome c peroxidase
- ARP, Arthromyces ramosus peroxidase
- © 2001 Biochemical Society